Web Summit Lisbon – Robots to replace humans


The gap separating humans from machines is getting smaller, and the pace of technological advancement is helping, three robotics specialists have discussed the advantages and disadvantages of many of the jobs that humans occupy, can be made by machines.

University professor Stuart Ellman minimized the concerns of those who fear this invasion and replacement by machines, recalling the very similar fears that were felt at the time of the industrial revolution. During this revolution, there was this same fear, on other scale, that machines were taking over people’s jobs, but in reality, at that time, the working days could last for 15 hours and nowadays, in the majority of the cases this is unthinkable, Ellman recalled. The idea is for machines to take on the heaviest, most dangerous jobs or just the ones that no one wants to do.

No one doubts that many people will be dismissed from their jobs, the only question is that a future with a strong presence of technology is approaching and it is not yet understood to what extent this may or may not be beneficial to populations.
“There is a set of jobs that are no longer made by people and are passed on to robots, but many others can be born. At the moment, we do not know if it will be good, we just know that people will be replaced, “said Ellman.

Digital Trends journalist Luke Dormehl has warned that the machines are not only used for the tasks nobody wants to do and also recalled a study released in 2014 that revealed that in the future almost half of the jobs occupied by people would be made by machines.
While these experts discuss the role of technology in society, two robotics experts discuss the question of whether machines and robots should physically resemble humans as well as act as such: Hans Go Roz, Hanson Robotics, and Andra Keay, Of Silicon Valey Robotics, think that so.
Ben Goertzel defended for 20 minutes the need to create robots similar to humans, giving as an example the fact that he has many clients who specifically ask him to make them look like people, not only in physical terms, but also to identify and have human emotions.

“And if people ask us, then we should give them what they ask,” said Ben Goertzel, assuring that his company plans to sell those prototypes that “will be able to create emotional connections with humans.”

In the near future, “the robots will be able to sense our feelings and will be able to connect with us,” said Ben Goertzel, who argues that artificial intelligence should continue to be exploited in this sense even because “there are people who prefer Have a robot as a personal assistant to have a person. ”
Andra Keay argues that there must be a clear distinction between humans and robots: “Just because we want something does not mean we should do it. I’m fascinated by humanoid robots, but we do not need them. ”

“It’s important that we be transparent and that we always know we’re dealing with robots,” Andra Keay said.