After having undergone several changes of deadlines and delays, NASA successfully launched a new generation weather satellite this week that will allow for a major improvement in weather forecasts for up to seven days, as well as better observation of the state of the environment.
Thus, NASA launched a new and more modern weather satellite this Saturday, allowing better predictions, more accurate and real-time information, more detailed weather information and the environment.
The launch of this new satellite, Joint Polar Satellite System-1 (JPSS), which is a joint project with NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), was launched as scheduled yesterday (09h47 GMT) from the Vandenberg air base in California.
Named JPSS, this is the first of a series of four satellites planned for upcoming launches, this represents several technological and scientific advances of great importance, according to NOAA. JPSS will allow the increase from three to seven days as the estimated period for very reliable weather forecasts.
When it is in polar orbit, about 824 kilometers of altitude, the five instruments will then initiate a series of observations with a high degree of definition of the atmosphere, of the earth and also of the oceans. All data collected continuously by the receivers will be properly integrated into weather forecast models, and are estimated to do so in near real-time.
These satellite observations will also help prevention and study to better understand the larger meteorological phenomena such as hurricanes, thus enabling a possible and improved preparation of the populations involved, all according to NOAA.
One of these instruments will have the task of monitoring the state of the ozone layer as well as the intensity of the ultraviolet rays, which represent a risk of causing skin cancer.
Another of the instruments involved will have the ability to determine the exact location of forest fires as well as track the smoke. A third instrument will measure emissions of carbon monoxide and methane produced by fires, thereby collecting data on the locations where air quality was most affected and fanned.