So far, archaeologists have believed that only as heads of enemy soldiers were exposed, but further research and findings reveal new conclusions.
It was discovered from a tower of human skulls underground, not central to Mexico City, and that raised new questions about a culture of sacrifice during the Aztec Empire, once, skulls of women and children also appeared in the middle of structure.
The team of archaeologists found more than 650 lime-covered skulls and thousands of fragments in the cylindrical building near the Templo Mayor, one of the main temples in the Aztec capital of Tenochitlan, which later takes place in Mexico City.
It is believed that this tower was part of Huey Tzompantli, a massive collection of skulls that scared the Spanish conquistadors when they captured the city, commanded by Hernán Cortés, described a structure in contemporary accounts.
Historians have concluded that they are only like cut heads of captured warriors who adorned tzompantli, or skull-runners, found in several Mesoamerican cultures even before the Spanish conquest.
However, as archaeological excavations in the interior of ancient Mexico City that began in 2015, suggest that, after all, there was more to explain and verify.
“We were expecting to find only men, obviously young men, as warriors are, but the issue of women and children and they are not expected to go to war”, said Rodrigo Bolaños, one of the anthropologists and biologists who Responsible team.
“Something is passed by an issue is not reports, and this is really something new not Huey Tzompantli”, he added.
Raul Barrera, another of the team members, is also an archaeologist and non-local worker located next to the great Metropolitan Cathedral, built on the Templo Mayor, which is like skulls were taken to a tower after having been exposed in public in the tzompantli.
Having about six feet in diameter, a tower was situated in the corner of the chapel of Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec god of the sun, war and human sacrifice. “There is no doubt that it is a tower and one of the skull buildings by Andres de Tapia, a Spanish soldier who accompanied Cortes in conquering Mexico in 1521”, said Barrera.
In his report, Tapia said he counted tens of thousands of skulls in what became known as Huey Tzompantli. Barreira said that so far there was found 676 skulls, but the number may rise as the excavations continue.