The world population of giraffes reduced by 40% in thirty years


The world’s population of giraffes reduced their numbers to close to 40 percent in thirty years and became a “vulnerable” species in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classification, it announced by the same organization last Wednesday.

This dramatic decrease in the world population of giraffes, which is between 36 and 40 percent between 1985 and 2015, according to a report by IUCN and published this week under the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP13), which takes place in Mexico.

In 2015 there were 97,562 giraffes in the world, according to the same document.
Giraffes live in southern and eastern Africa, and there are also isolated (smaller) populations in West and Central Africa.

Among the causes for the decrease in the number of animals, according to the IUCN, is the increase of human presence in their natural habitats, illegal hunting, expansion of agriculture and mining activity, among many others.

Julian Fennessy of the IUCN explained that giraffes are a regular presence in safaris, the media or zoos and so there is no awareness of its silent extinction in its natural territory.

IUCN was founded in 1948 and comprises 1,300 organizations and about 16,000 experts.

The Wednesday report also highlights the dangers that birds also face due to unsustainable farming, cutting trees, invasive species or their illegal trade.
According to the IUCN, there are many species of birds on the way to extinction, including some of the most popular species in the world, such as the parrot Psittacus erithacus, known to reproduce words and that in certain areas of Africa has already lost 99% of its population.

The pet trade trap, however, led to lower numbers, the list also found that about 11 percent of more than 700 other recently evaluated bird species were at risk of extinction, such as the Antioquia reef in Colombia, Which is under threat from a hydroelectric dam.

In the very near future, the continuation of drought and climate change will always be aggravating factors.