In the early 1990s, there were two types of different production computers: consumer computers, and workstations. These computers were completely different, to the point that the workstations had very specific hardware, incompatible with the hardware of the consumer computers, and even specific software and operating systems, but over time, with the banalization of the computer market, the differences diminished, eventually disappearing.
The computers, which we depend on in our day to day, are much simpler, differentiating only in the warranties and sometimes by using processors and graphic cards of an improved range. But Microsoft seems to be planning to resurrect the Workstation concept, or so it seems by the announcement of its new version, Windows 10 Pro for Advanced PC’s.
Apparently, the new Microsoft operating system will include support for ReFS (Resilient File System, the successor to the well-known NTFS, which was introduced in Windows Server 2012), this new file system was designed to increase data resiliency with protection against data degradation, but is not fully compatible with NTFS and its performance varies depending on which features are enabled.
Microsoft has also provided some data about the new version that says that it will be able to support up to 6TB of memory and support up to 4 processors (the current versions only supports two), and this is a much more important limit than it appears at first, since two high-end Intel Xeon E5 processors can easily reach all 44 cores, and 64 in the AMDs.
By ruff calculation, we came to the conclusion that a system with four processor sockets will probably be able to support about 88 cores in the case of Intel and 128 in the case of AMD, and since in the today’s market there are very few system options with support for four processors, because of multi-core processors, Microsoft may know something that we do not yet know.
Although we have yet to know more about this operating system, this new Windows 10 also seems to provide enhanced capabilities for those who take a more professional approach with the workstations.