A group of researchers at the Karolinska Institute, located in Sweden, is developing a fabric that will be even sturdier than the silk that forms the cobwebs.
Apparently, by looking at a web its fine thickness is usually soon associated with its probable fragility, but this perception is absolutely far from true, the fabric that constitutes it actually succeeds in being even stronger than steel. However, a group of scientists is working on the development of a fabric, which can be even more resistant than the cobwebs, says El Pais.
Thus, these researchers, from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, drew a water-soluble protein capable of creating artificial spider web silk. With the aid of a spinning machine, the fabric is then generated and fibers are produced in large quantities, aiming at a large-scale production that may be used by large industries. For now, the main priority of the group of researchers, is only the introduction of this technique in the production of silk, associated with fabrics for sportswear, with the aim of improving the quality of the same, according to a source in the Spanish newspaper.
Gustavo Plaza, a professor of Materials Science at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, also pointed out the different qualities of this material, not being so admired for the interest aroused by researchers from all over the world, “Silk combines a very great resistance and deformation capacity. It is an excellent material to absorb impacts, this is what she (spider web) does in nature, absorbs impacts of insects”, said the Plaza.
However, contrary to the priority of the group of scientists who advanced the process of fabric creation, Gustavo Plaza, admitted that the most interesting would be the biomedical applications, “The most interesting now are the biomedical applications, because these fibers have Good mechanical properties, are biocompatible and can be optimized to be biodegradable”, said the professor.
However, this hypothesis is not discarded by researchers, who promise to go further and create more ambitious projects.