A group of researchers, has for the first time with a single exam, confirmed the development of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in risk children. This new and revolutionary method will allow for an earlier intervention, and will also allow to better analyze the development of the characteristics of autism.
This research was carried out by scientists from the University of Carolina and Washington University, and uses brain exams in conjunction with artificial intelligence to analyze how key areas of the brain synchronize, thus enabling babies to develop condition.
This new method is important, not only because it requires only one exam, but also because of its detection rate, of an incredible 96 percent that children would be diagnosed with autism by 2 years of age, which is a huge step forward when Compared to the 81 percent effectiveness of the previous exam.
ASD is a term used to describe the set of peculiarities of socialization and communication functions, which are usually accompanied by isolation or repetition behaviors. It is estimated that 1 out of 68 children up to 8 years old is part of this category.
It is unlikely that there is only one single cause behind the condition, since there are several genes and metabolic dysfunctions in the process, but whatever the causes are, this new examination allows to analyze children since they six months old, opposed to the previous method that only allowed to analyze such behaviors and traits at around the age of two.
The researchers used magnetic resonance imaging to analyze the neurological activity of about 230 brain regions in 59 children who had at least one older brother diagnosed with ASD, and instead of looking for differences in anatomy, they analyzed the method by which these regions communicated and synchronized.
The coordination of these regions has proved crucial in behaviors related to autism, such as language and repetitive behaviors or social interactions.