Fossils found in Bulgaria and Greece now suggest that man may have been born in Europe, not Africa, about 2,000 years before the time when it was thought. However, the scientific community remains reluctant about the new data.
The international team of scientists carrying out this research claims to have found two primate fossils with teeth similar to humans, having this 7.2 million years. Fossils, already identified as belonging to the species Graecopithecus freybergi, were both discovered in Bulgaria and Greece, and may still mean that humans were born in Europe rather than Africa, about two thousand years earlier than calculated. This is because “El Graeco”, a name given by scientists, may be the last common ancestor between monkeys and humans, usually called the transition fossil or missing link.
These fossil remains and fossils analyzed correspond to a lower molar found in Greece and an upper premolar tooth found in Bulgaria. Examination of the fossils made it possible to observe the interior of the molar and the tooth, without having to open them, and proved that the roots of the dentition were different from those of the hominids, yet similar to the roots of the first human teeth.
To date, the scientific community has guaranteed that the human species had evolved and originated on the African continent about 7 million years ago. This finding, to be confirmed after further scientific analysis, suggests that man may have been born on the European continent, two thousand years earlier than previously thought. According to the Bulgarian Academy of Science, it is still possible that this part of the European continent has undergone climate change that has turned it into a savannah. These climatic changes may have forced this primate to evolve into bipedalism and develop a dentition adapted to the new diet.
“Graecopithecus freybergi is not a monkey. It is a member of the Hominini tribe (hominid primates) and the direct ancestor of Homo”, says Nikolai Spassov, a scientist at the Bulgarian academy.
Scientists also believe that this species may have passed to the African continent through a “continental bridge” formed during a dry period of the Mediterranean Sea. This period may have been the same as that which led to the formation of the Sahara Desert. Still, not all the scientific community is convinced, Peter Andrews, a former anthropologist at the Natural History Museum in London, says “it is possible that human lineage originated in Europe, but very substantial fossil evidence places the origin in Africa, Including several skeletons and partial skulls”. And he adds, “I would hesitate to use a single isolated fossil as evidence against the theory that Man was born in Africa”.