Some archaeologists have recently found traces, estimated to be about 70,000 years old, and they came to reveal that the Neanderthal Man was in the territory of the Archaeological Park of the Côa Valley.
“It was possible to identify traces of the Neanderthal man, which appears before the Art of the Côa, which reaches up to 35,000 years. We have found tools, structures such as small bonfires among other remains, which prehistoric men have left in this place, which makes it unique in the peninsular interior”, said archaeologist Thierry Aubry, one of those involved in the discovery this week. and subsequent investigation of the remains.
With approximately 70 thousand years old, vestiges were found in excavations that reached three meters deep, in the site of Cardina, in the municipality of Foz Côa, Guarda district. Once a comparison of objects from the different layers was carried out, there was a chance for further observations to be made.
“A little bit of the way of life and daily life of the prehistoric men who lived about 70,000 years ago in the Côa Valley was revealed by comparing the various levels of excavations”, the archaeologist added.
Excavations were carried out along one of the banks of the Côa River, downstream from the archaeological sites of Quinta da Barca and Penascosa, both emblematic sites and home to rock art in the Côa Valley.
“The collected elements show that Neanderthal man has inhabited for years the Côa Valley, which allows reconstituting the climatic and environmental evolution of the territory over a period of time that exceeds 70 thousand years, to this day”, he said. stressed Thierry Aubry.
The team involved in the excavations ensures that they have not yet studied the entire potential of the site, and there is still untapped land, which can extend the chronology of human occupation in the Côa.
“We have not yet reached the rock and we still have levels of sediment to dig. When that happens, we will find out why the Côa territory is chosen by prehistoric men to live”, he confirmed.
But for the team, the ecological variety of the territory of the Côa Valley could be one of the main and most important reasons for the concentration of these prehistoric men, since they were hunters and gatherers.
The president of the Côa Park Foundation, Bruno Navarro, also said that these archaeological discoveries show that the territory of the Côa Valley is a true scientific laboratory, and worth all the effort that is put into exploring the place. This site has been the stage for discoveries of all areas of knowledge and, above all, for Portuguese archeology.
“The Foundation is open to all those who want to add knowledge and value to this territory. We have an archeological research team that has developed a reference work, widely disseminated in the most important national and international forums”, he concluded.