Researchers have already tested the technology in rats and pigs, this is more precisely a nanotechnology capable of replacing organs with lesions, by sending new genetic material to the skin cells to acquire a new function in the body, according to a study Released this week.
This new technology, developed by scientists at the American University of Ohio, can be used to repair or simply regenerate tissues, including organs, blood vessels and even nerve cells.
Nanotechnology is the study of the manipulation of matter on an atomic and molecular scale. Its basic principle is the construction of structures and new materials from the atoms. It is generally read with measurement structures between 1 and 100 nanometers in at least one dimension, including the development of materials or components.
In this study, the results of which were published in the journal Nature Nanotechnology, the team was able to reprogram skin cells to become cells of the vascular system in severely injured pig paws with a lack of blood circulation.
After a whole week, functional blood vessels appeared on the animal’s paw, two weeks later the paw was fully healed. In another experiment, the team further reprogrammed skin cells ‘in vivo’ into nerve cells, which were injected into the rat brain to help them recover from a Stroke.
This technology was designed to send, through a kind of chip, new genetic material (DNA and RNA) to the adult cells and, in turn, to convert them into another type of cells.
All this new genetic information is in turn distributed in the body when this chip, placed momentarily on the skin, is activated, action that takes less than a second, with the help of a small electric shock.
The scientific team intends to test this nanotechnology in humans by next year 2018. With positive results, we can expect a breakthrough in medical treatments linked to technology.