The ice-free area in Antarctica will increase and by 2100 this increase could be up to 25%. These findings are from a study published this week, these also attribute the reasons for these climate change.
It was through this research, published this week, that it was concluded that the ice-free site reveals that climate change may increase by about 25% in this Antarctic area by the end of the century, a scenario that will Drastic changes in the continent’s biodiversity.
This ice-free zone currently accounts for about 1% of the continent’s surface area (the total area of which is approximately 14 million square kilometers) and is home to almost all of its fauna and flora. An Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) survey, which is the first to study the impact of climate change on ice-free areas in Antarctica, is expected to expand and link with each other.
According to data from the forecast, according to Aleks Terauds, an AAD researcher, the disappearance of the ice in the year 2100 will give rise to approximately 17,267 square kilometers of land, representing an increase of almost 25%.
“This situation will offer new areas of expansion to native species, but it may also lead to the spread of invasive species and, in the long term, may lead to the extinction of less competitive native species”, said Aleks Terauds, quoted in an AAD statement.
Researcher Jasmine Lee also pointed out that, unlike previous studies focused on reducing the ice sheet and potentially impacting sea level rise, the new work focuses more on the effects on the biodiversity of the icy continent. Lee also indicated that the current ice-free zones are important breeding grounds for seals and seabirds, as well as harboring endemic invertebrates, fungi and lichens.
The research, published by the journal Nature, was presented to the Committee for Environmental Protection during the consultative meeting of the Antarctic Treaty last May in China.