400 new species discovered in the Amazon


Scientists have discovered almost 400 new species, more precisely 381. Species of fauna and flora, including monkeys, dolphins, amphibians and reptiles, in the Amazon region in just two years. This week, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) reported. A new species was recorded every two days between January 2014 and December 2015, most in conservation areas or nearby areas.

According to the report by the environmental organization, 216 plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 19 reptiles, 20 mammals – two of them fossils – and one bird were discovered in the Amazon rainforest.

Among the most captivating is a monkey with a long red tail, sighted in the northwest of the state of Mato Grosso, a new species of freshwater dolphin, estimated to have appeared about 2.8 million years ago, and also A bird with a peculiar corner.

According to the researchers, four of the species were registered in the National Reserve of Copper and its Associates (Renca), which has been the subject of a lot of debate in recent days, due to a controversial Brazilian government decree that opened this area of another 47 thousand Square kilometers (a larger area than Denmark) for private mining.

This area was created in 1984, being between the states of Amapá and Pará, bordering Suriname and French Guiana. But in response to the wave of criticism, the Executive decided to amend the decree, however, the Brazilian federal court has ordered its suspension, as well as that of “any administrative act” that seeks to extinguish Renca, a decision that Brasília has already announced That will appeal.

This is already the third edition of the report, released by WWF along with the Mamirauá Institute, prepared by dozens of scientists who studied the species on the ground and contrasted the new findings with the existing databases.

Between 2010 and 2013, 602 new species were discovered, while between 1999 and 2009, the number climbed to 1,200.

The document also highlighted that, despite the efforts of the last years, “there is, however, a gap in terms of knowledge about the real diversity of the Amazon” due to the vast extension of the territory or the “lack of resources to carry out investigations”. WWF underscored the importance of “redoubling attention” in that region, which “suffered the impact of deforestation, agricultural activity and major infrastructure works, such as the construction of hydroelectric and roads”