The project Breakthrough Listen, founded by Stephen Hawking, detected 15 signs of life in the Universe this week, coming to Earth from dwarf galaxy three billion light years from Earth. Although there is the possibility of a possible alien civilization, the received radio signals appear to prove the effectiveness of the equipment used in this operation. In question, there is an increase in activity recorded at an unknown source and identified as FRB 121102.
Andrew Siemion, director of the Berkeley SETI Research Center and the Breakthrough Listen project, said in a statement quoted by The Telegraph newspaper that these rapid bursts of radio waves “were never seen at such a high frequency”. Researchers ask two questions, is the origin of the waves in the explosion of neutron stars with high-force magnetic fields or do they mean the extraterrestrial life in that galaxy? Despite the unknown, it is known that when the waves left the galaxy, the solar system was less than two billion years old.
FRBs are radio signals transmitted in milliseconds and are therefore a high energy astrophysical phenomenon. The new explosions were discovered in the year 2012 and what the current results indicate is that the “new state of activity” of the source and the information issued enable the mediation “of the properties of these mysterious eruptions more precisely”, explained Vishal Gajjar, project investigator.
The Breathough Listen initiative was created by Professor Stephen Hawking and Russian millionaire Yuri Milner in order to discover extraterrestrial life in space. “In an infinite universe, there must be other cases of life. It may be somewhere in the cosmos that intelligent life exists”, Hawking said at the launch of the project on 20 July 2015.
Running for 10 years, Breakthough Listen is the largest scientific project for intelligent life research. It includes studies of 100 galaxies and one million stars close to Earth. The telescopes used are capable of receiving electromagnetic spectra due to their high sensitivity for long distance signal collection, although they can also record low energy charges. The initiative has a partnership with the SETI @ Home project, which also aims to detect intelligent life outside the Earth.